Ryder Hesjedal: 2008-Present
Hesjedal, who finished 47th and 49th in 2008 and 2009 respectively, broke through on the Tour in 2010, earning two fourth place finishes in stages 3 and 17 which helped him to a surprising seventh place finish in 2010 - which was later changed to sixth after 2010 winner Alberto Contator was stripped of his win due to doping. In 2011, Hesjedal was caught behind an accident early in the Tour and lost time that he couldn't make up. He still finished a respectable 18th. The start of the 2012 Tour looks promising for the The Victoria, B.C. native, who is coming off a win in the Giro d'Italia. He will look to match or beat Steve Bauer's record fourth place finish in 1988 this year.
Steve Bauer: 1985-1995
Bauer is the most prolific Canadian racer in the history of the Tour. In his first Tour, he finished 10th overall and wore the White Jersey - for the best young rider - a number of days. His Tour breakout happened in 1988, when he won Stage 1 from Pontchateau to Machecoul, becoming the first and only Canadian to win a stage, and second Canadian to hold the Yellow Jersey. He lost the Jersey in the second stage, but reclaimed it for four straight days later, and he finished the Tour with a fourth place finish. After a 15th place finish in 1989, Bauer attacked the 1990 Tour, and held onto the Yellow Jersey the first nine stages, before falling back and eventually finishing 27th.
Alex Stieda: 1986
Stieda raced with the newly formed U.S. funded 7/11 team in the 1986 tour. During the second stage of the race which was just over 55km in length, Stieda broke away from the peloton. Eventually a five man group broke away to catch the Canadian, but by that point the damage was done, as Stieda collected three time bonus sprints during the stage, and despite finishing fourth in the stage, he captured the Yellow Jersey. He was the first North American in tour history to wear Yellow. He would lose the Yellow Jersey later on in the same day during the team time trial, and finish his only Tour de France in 120th place.
Gord Fraser: 1997
Despite being one of Canada's all time cycling greats, Fraser only took part in one Tour in 1997. He only lasted the first eight stages of the race before he withdrew. Fraser, who has over 200 career wins, represented Canada at three Olympic Games and Four Commonwealth Games. He was also the 2004 Canadian National Road Race Champion.
Michael Barry: 2010
Barry, a longtime professional waited 13 seasons to take part in his first tour, and did so in 2010 as a member of Team Sky and raced in support of Bradley Wiggins. Barry, who races for Canada at the World Championships, finished his only Tour in 99th.